Pengaruh Pemberian Kompres Serei Hangat Terhadap Penurunan Intensitas Nyeri Atritis Rheumatoid pada Lanjut Usia di Kelurahan Tarok Dipo Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Guguk Panjang Bukittinggi tahun 2013

Sri Hayulita

Sari


Musculoskeletal rheumatoid arthritis is a disease that effects many elderly, the disease causes many such complaints, sore feet, knees, hips, waist, arms, neck and various other joints, and con sequences of the disease rheumatoid arthritis may experience paralysis due to spinal damage. With the high number of patients with rheumatoid arthritis due to the increasing number of eldrly in particular boast in the Tarok Dipo villages community health centers Guguk Panjang Bukittinggi working area, one effort to reduce rheumatoid arthritis pain that is with a warm lemongrass compress because lemongrass contains the enzyme cylo – oxygenase and has a pharmacological effect that is hot and spicy flavor that can reduce pain in patiens with rheumatoid arthritis. This study aims to look at the influence of warm lemongrass compress to decrease the intensity of pain in the elderly rheumatoid arthritis Tarok Dipo villages community health centers Guguk Panjang Bukittinggi working area. This study used an experimental metnod of one-group pretest-postest design using a total sampling with a sample of 20 people, collecting data through interviews with measuring outcomes assessment using the numeric rating scale and with observation we can get result with used scale Wong Barker (Scale Face), mean pain intensity before a warm lemongrass compress 4,90 and after warm lemongrass compress 2,95. The results abtained rheumatoid arthritis pain intensity difference before and after warm lemongrass compress. This is evidenced by the t-test t value obtained at 10,563 with a significance value = 0,000, with a warm lemongrass compress these results can be used as an alternative to reduce pain intensity and pain felt by the elderly suffering rheumatoid arthritis. It was concluded that a warm lemongrass compress effect on rheumatoid arthritis decrease pain intensity and can be resumed as intervention can be carried out independently by people with rheumatoid arthritis

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